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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 汪大雄、王培蓉、林振榮 (1999) 扇平自然教育區遊憩效益之經濟評估。台灣林業科學 14(4):457-468。
  2. 李明宗 (1994) 休閒、觀光、遊憩論文集─戶外遊憩名詞釋義。台北,地景。5-7頁。
  3. Bartczak, A., H. Lindhjem, S. Navrud, M. Zandersen, and T. Zylicz (2008) Valuing forest recreation on the national level in a transition economy: The case of Poland. Forest Policy and Economics 10: 467–472.
  4. Bateman, I. J., and I. H. Langford (1997) Non-users’ willingness to pay for a National Park: An application and critique of the contingent valuation method. Regional Studies 31: 571-582.
  5. Bernard, F., R. S. de Groot, and J. J. Campos (2009) Valuation of tropical forest services and mechanisms to finance their conservation and sustainable use: A case study of Tapantí National Park, Costa Rica. Forest Policy and Economics 11: 174-183.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉家禎(2013)。從知覺認知模型探討電動自行車產品屬性對購買意願之影響─以政府補貼政策為干擾變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-108。 
  2. 吳柏均(2013)。氣候變遷對台灣黑面琵鷺經濟價值影響之估計。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2013。1-72。 
  3. 黃昭通(2013)。台中市社區老樹保護立法與經濟價值評估之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2013。1-203。 
  4. 莊承翰(2013)。農村再生遊憩價值與維護價值之研究─以無米樂社區為例。長榮大學企業管理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-70。 
  5. 莊政諺(2015)。遊客對墾丁國家公園社頂部落生態旅遊願付價格 與環境態度之研究。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2015。1-70。 
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