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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王露儀、陳紀伶、李明仁 (2004) 鹽度對水筆仔苗木生長之效應。中華林學季刊 32(2):147-156。
  2. 李建堂、鄭育斌、邱文良、林則同、陳建文、王儀臻 (2002) 關渡自然保留區1986-1998年植群變遷。台灣林業科學 17(1):41-50。
  3. 范貴珠、許博行、張峻德 (2001) 土壤鹽度對欖李苗木光合作用之影響。林業研究季刊 23(3):47-62。
  4. 范貴珠、張志遠 (2005) 安平港復育五梨跤生長及生理之研究。中華林學季刊38(4):367-382。
  5. 范貴珠、徐誠宏 (2008a) 鹽分對五梨跤(Rhizophora stylosa)苗木形質生長之影響。中華林學季刊 42(1):41-55。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳正倫(2012)。澎湖縣青螺濕地紅樹林生長及族群結構之研究。屏東科技大學森林系所學位論文。2012。1-79。 
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