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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周宜成,2003,ABS塑膠廢棄物添加酵素及礦石粉對焚化廢氣PAHs減量之可行性探討,碩士論文,國立成功大學,環境工程研究所,台南。
  2. 林于娟,2008,螺絲製造業搓製程油霧滴多環芳香烴碳氫化合物、金屬與反應性含氧物種特徵之研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學,環境醫學研究所,台南。
  3. 黃于芳,2007,微粒空氣污染物對心臟功能不全大鼠之心血管研究:1. 柴油引擎微粒對自發性高血壓鼠之心室功能毒性探討2. Isoproterenol 誘發左心室功能不全大鼠模式建立,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學,職業醫學與工業衛生研究所,台北。
  4. Abrantes, R. D., Assuncao, J. V. and Pesquero, C. R., 2004, “Emission of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Light-Duty Diesel Vehicle Exhaust,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 38, pp. 1631-1640.
  5. Agarwal, A. K. and Das, L. M., 2000, ”Biodiesel Development and Characterization for Use as A Fuel in Compression Ignition Engines,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, Vol. 123, pp. 440-447.
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