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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王莉琪。2006。癌腫病對檸檬桉苗木生理特性及香茅醛與香茅醇精油含量之效應。國立嘉義大學農學院林業暨自然資源研究所碩士論文。67 頁。
  2. 3. 王維洋。1992。臺灣桉樹病害調查報告。林業試驗所研究報告季刊 7:179-194。
  3. 5. 李文立、邱國棟、林榮貴、陳福旗。2008。愛文芒果 (Mangifera indica L. cv. Irwin) 類胡蘿蔔素生合成基因在果實發育時期之基因表現分析與選殖。台灣農業研究 57:213-229。
  4. 7. 林立、楊大吉。2008。非農藥資材防治棉蚜及蔥薊馬之研究。花蓮區農業改良場研究彙報 26:17-28。
  5. 12. 劉興隆、謝正雄。2005。中部地區玫瑰癌腫病之發生調查與防治。臺中區農業改良場研究彙報 86:1-9。
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