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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛正倫(2009)食藥用菇及其固態發酵保健食品之開發。農業生技產業18:P50-55。
  2. 方煒、饒瑞佶(2004)使用超高亮度LED調整光量及光質與二者對馬鈴薯組培苗生長之影響。植物種苗6(2):P56-73。
  3. 王伯徹(2009)菇類之食藥用價值及其多樣化市場產品開發。食品生技18:P34。
  4. 吳寬澤(2009)。藥用菇類栽培技術開發。食品生技18 P:26。
  5. 黃麗娜(1998)類菌絲體深層培養在食品工業上之應用。食藥用菇類的栽培與應用。P.147。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張宏祥(2011)。營養劑對平菇再生性的影響。中興大學生命科學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-68。
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