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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.交通部觀光局,「中華民國90年國人旅遊狀況調查」,2001年。
  2. 3.交通部觀光局,「中華民國97年國人旅遊狀況調查」,2008年。
  3. 5.余顯強、葉宏達,「圖書館應用無線射頻辨識技術之創新應用與實作」,圖書與資訊學刊,第60期,第1-11頁,2007年,2月。
  4. 7.吳秀春,「行動條碼在行動商務的應用之探討」,南臺灣資訊科技與應用研討會,2007年5月。
  5. 10.林致遠、王韋力,「整合GPS與GIS技術之數位自行車導覽系統研發」,地理資訊系統季刊,第3卷,第2期,第33-36頁,2009年4月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡佳倫(2015)。基於適地性服務建置個人化行動旅遊行程推薦平台。中興大學資訊管理學系所學位論文。2015。1-61。
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