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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭華仁,2004,雜草種子生態學,出自雜草學與雜草管理,楊純明、王慶裕、林俊義主編,行政院農業委員會農業試驗所出版,臺中縣霧峰鄉,第12-26頁。
  2. 陳世雄、王淑敏,2004,有機栽培體系之雜草管理,出自雜草學與雜草管理,楊純明、王慶裕、林俊義主編,行政院農業委員會農業試驗所出版,臺中縣霧峰鄉,第54-72頁。
  3. 陳榮五,2009,臺灣有機農業發展之瓶頸,有機農業產業發展研討會專輯,行政院農業委員會臺中區農業改良場編印,第9-17頁。
  4. 楊秋忠,1996,草類與土壤肥力管理。除草劑安全使用與草類利用管理研討會專刊,中華民國雜草學會編印,臺中縣霧峰鄉,第109-115頁。
  5. 楊純明、王慶裕、林俊義,2004,雜草學與雜草管理,出自雜草學與雜草管理,楊純明、王慶裕、林俊義主編,行政院農業委員會農業試驗所出版,臺中縣霧峰鄉,第1-11頁。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林龍泉(2009)。長濱國小推動生態教育之研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2009。1-320。 
  2. 凃乃文(2008)。藍田日暖玉生煙?新興產業的後進發展: 臺灣TFT-LCD產業跨組織與跨部門關係之探討。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2008。1-104。 
  3. 王茜穎(2006)。擬全球城市中心與邊陲的界線運作與穿越- 以信義計畫區與基隆路整宅為個案。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2006。1-114。 
  4. 郭勝任(2008)。自然生態淨化污水處理系統之研究 -以陽明山國家公園大屯地區污水處理設施為例-。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2008。1-89。
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