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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江明修、梅高文(2003)。自律乎?他律乎?財團法人監督機制之省思。中國行政評論,12(2),頁137-160。
  2. 宋旼修(2009)。非營利組織部落格閱聽人之研究--以使用與回饋為焦點。國立政治大學新聞學研究所碩士論文。台北市:國立政治大學。
  3. 李昆諭(2006)。部落格網站使用行為之研究。中原大學資訊管理學系研究所碩士論文。桃園:中原大學。
  4. 周立軒(2005)。網誌的使用者與使用行為之研究。元智大學資訊傳播研究所碩士論文。桃園:元智大學。
  5. 尚榮安、陳禹辰、林重光(2009)。說一個好故事--同理心與部落格的廣告效果。資訊管理學報 第十六卷 第四期,頁1-19。
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