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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石信德、黃振文(2010)鏈黴菌生物製劑之應用潛力。農業生技產業季刊 24:38-46。
  2. 林俊義、安寶貞、張清安、羅朝村、謝廷芳 (2004) 作物病害之非農藥防治,第16-17頁。農業試驗所特刊110號。行政院農業委員會農業試驗所。53頁。
  3. 許嘉伊(2010)全球生物農藥產業概況與未來展望。農業生技產業季刊 24:1-7。
  4. 楊靜惠(2010)由土壤中分離之Humicola phialophoroides誘導寄主產生抗病性之研究。國立中興大學植物病理學系研究所碩士論文。
  5. Agrios, G. N. 2005. Plant Diseases Caused by Fungi. In: Plant Pathology, 5th ed., Elsevier Academic Press, 463-466.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉清彬(2015)。不同行銷溝通工具對購買意願影響之研究-以生物製劑為例。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-55。
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