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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aim, B.R., “Membrane bioreactor with submerged hollow fibers from lab
  2. Ahn, K.H., and Song, K.G., “Treatment of domestic wastewater using microfiltration for reuse of wastewater,” Desalination, 126(1-3): 7-14, 1999.
  3. Antoniou, P., “Effect of temperature and pH on the effective maximum specific growth rate of nitrifying bacteria,” Wat. Res., 24-97, 1990.
  4. Aptel, P., and Buckley, C.A., “Catergories of membrane operations,” Water Treatment Membrane Process, Singapore, 1996.
  5. Belongia, B.M., Haworth, P.D., Baygents, J.C., and Raghavan, S., “Treatment of alumina and slica chemical mechanical polishing waste by electrodecantation and electrocoagulation,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 146: 4124-4130, 1999.
Times Cited (24) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玥年(2014)。董事努力與涉險程度對董事薪酬之影響。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-82。 
  2. 吳旻訓(2012)。國際擴張與經營績效之探討—股權結構之調節效果。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-97。 
  3. 杜宇琁(2012)。會計師年齡、會計師任期與盈餘管理關聯性之研究。臺中科技大學會計資訊系會計與財稅碩士班學位論文。2012。1-48。 
  4. 謝雅筑(2015)。家族企業與企業社會責任績效。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2015。1-45。 
  5. 賴旻君(2013)。總經理與獨立董事之社會連結對盈餘管理之影響。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2013。1-68。 
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