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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃政賢,2006, 污水工程,高立圖書有限公司,台灣。
  2. Hoi-Ping Shi, Chi-Mei Lee,2006, “Combining anoxic denitrifying ability with aerobic–anoxic phosphorus-removal examinations to screen denitrifying phosphorus-removing bacteria(Taiwan)“,International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 57,pp.121–128.
  3. Mulkerrins. D., Dobson. A.D.W., Colleran. E., 2004,” Parameters affecting biological phosphate removal from wastewaters”, Environment International 30 ,pp.249– 259.
  4. Saito. T., Brdjanovic. D.,Loosdrecht .M.C.M.,2004, ”Effect of nitrite on phosphate uptake by phosphate accumulating organisms”, Water Research 38 ,pp.3760–3768.
  5. Wei Zeng,Lei Li,Ying-ying Yang,Xiang-dong Wang,Yong-zhen Peng,2010,Denitrifying phosphorus removal and impact of nitrite accumulation on phosphorus removal in acontinuous anaerobic–anoxic–aerobic (A2O) process treating domestic wastewater, Enzyme and Microbial Technology, In Press, Corrected Proof.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳孟純(2012)。污水處理廠去除個人防護用品及放流水質對承受水體之評估探討。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2012。1-171。 
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