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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 240 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡茵(2008)。建構服務創新衡量模式之研究-以台灣國際觀光旅館業為例。長 榮大學經營管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺南縣。
  2. 王美慧、陳瑞龍、葉陳錦(2006)。民宿旅客之消費行為探討-以花蓮地區為例。戶外旅憩研究,19(4),1-30。
  3. 王蓓鳳(2010)。以體驗價值觀點探討國際觀光旅館之服務創新。亞洲大學經營管理學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中市。
  4. 池文海、張書豪、吳文龍(2009)。觀光休閒旅館之消費者體驗研究。東吳經濟商學學報,67,47-78。
  5. 李世宏(2008)。民宿旅遊地意象與旅遊意願之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中縣。
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