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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛義方、陳美蓮、黃如瑋、陳秋蓉(1999)。電信作業人員疲勞及生理狀況評估-室內作業。行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所,IOSH88-M144。
  2. 王精文、賴明德(2000)。輪班人員工作生活品質與工作適應關聯性研究。科技學刊,9(4),309-318。
  3. 吳水丕、林佩蓉(2008)。VDT作業對於電話客服人員及辦公室人員肌肉骨骼不適之人因研究。工作與休閒學刊,1(1),101-103。
  4. 吳水丕、張勝傑(2008)。電話客服人員聽力損失之人因調查與分析。工作與休閒學刊,1(1),75-85。
  5. 吳雅筠(2006)。休閒緩衝壓力模式與休閒壓抑壓力模式比較分析之研究。國立高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈佩曄(2012)。以國際健康功能分類系統(ICF)評量不同長期照護機構腦中風住民之試用性。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-171。 
  2. 王信凱(2013)。臺南市國中生臉書使用態度與休閒阻礙、休閒協商關係之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2013。1-109。 
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