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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 刊全文資料庫,金台灣資訊事業與圖龍文化事業股份有限公司,
  2. 7.Nguyen T. K. O. and B. E. Bengtsson, 1995 , “Toxicity to Microtox,Micro-Algae and Duckweed of Effluents from the Bai Bang Paper Company (BAPACO), a Vietnamese Bleached Kraft Pulp and Paper Mill”, Environmental Pollution, Vol.90, pp. 391-399.
  3. 10.Kida, A., Noma, Y. and Imada, T., 1996, “Chemical Speciation and Leaching Properties of Elements in Municipal Incinerator Ashes’’,Waste Management, Vol. 16, pp. 527-536.
  4. 11.Wang, S. Y. and Vipulanandam, C., 1996, “Leachability of Lead from Solidfid Cement-fly Ash Binders’’, Cement and Concrete Research,Vol. 26, pp. 895-905.
  5. 13.Xavier, Q. and Angel, L. S., 1995, “Trace Element in Coal and their Behavior during Combustion in a Large Power Station’’, Fuel, Vol.74, pp. 331-343.
Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃洚函(2015)。董事會多樣性與審計品質之關聯性研究-以中國為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-66。 
  2. 吳星儀(2015)。會計師輪調制度與審計品質之關聯性:集團企業之觀點。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-54。 
  3. 朱品翰(2014)。會計師事務所任期、產業專家、四大事務所與審計品質之關聯性-以中國上市A股公司為例。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-61。 
  4. 楊家虹(2014)。抑菌碳材之製備及其於低污泥廢水處理技術之應用。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2014。1-73。 
  5. 陳怡安(2013)。水洗焚化飛灰作為低碳節能產品之再利用研究。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2013。1-105。 
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