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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 王鉦勻(2007),網路使用者的分享行為及社群忠誠度對於 Web 2.0 網站使用意願影響之研究-以無名小站為例。國立中央大學企業管理研究所。
  2. 4. 王柏森(1998),慢速壘球參與者之參與動機、團隊凝聚力與社會支持之相關研究,國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班。
  3. 8. 李月華與莊易霖(2010),網路人際關係及品牌認同對品牌社群忠誠度影響之研究,臺北科技大學學報,第43卷,第2期,頁41-56。
  4. 10. 李郁樓、蔣世寶、吳崇榮(2010),探討Facebook之認知互動及價值對忠誠度之關聯研究,設計研究學報, 4, p 50-p66.。
  5. 12. 吳明忠(2005),以成員互動型態區隔虛擬社群成員之研究-以線上運動社群為例,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳依萱(Yi-Hsuan CHEN);王鵬智(Peng-Chih WANG);柯毓麟(Yu-Lin KO);汪慧鈴(Huey-Ling WANG)(2021)。動機式晤談及行動社群網路支持介入對於男性冠心病病人戒菸成效之探討。護理雜誌。68(2)。53-64。 
  2. 許博剴(2017)。探討虛擬社群意識、認知互動、認知關鍵多數對社群參與之影響-以臉書社團為例。淡江大學資訊傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-97。
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