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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 357 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王永慈(2004)。失業家庭的經濟生活分析─以臺灣兩次失業潮為例。社會工作政策與社會工作學刊,8(2),159-192。
  2. 王建楠、吳重達(2006)。青少年之身心發展及行為表現。基層醫學,21(11),326-332。
  3. 王迺燕、林美珠、周兆平、溫環樁(2011)。高憂鬱情緒青少年之憂鬱疾患及自殺傾向:跨一年追蹤之研究。中華心理衛生學刊,24(1),25-59。
  4. 王齡竟、陳毓文(2010)。家庭衝突、社會支持與青少年憂鬱情緒:檢視同儕、專業與家外成人支持的緩衝作用。中華心理衛生學刊,23(1),65-97。
  5. 江玉娟、趙善如(2007)。原住民部落少年的生涯成熟與未來生涯抉擇-以屏東縣少年為例。東吳社會工作學報,16,79-122。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉羽珊(2011)。運用SGD對低功能自閉症兒童進行溝通訓練之效果研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2011。1-108。
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