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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊卿(2010)。運用互動式電子白板融入國小二年級數學科分數教學成效之研究。國立臺北教育大學理學院數學教育研究所碩士論文,臺北市。未出版。
  2. 吳亭頤(2011)。運用電子白板和電子書對臺南一所國中的低成就生英語學習成果之研究。國立成功大學外國語文學系在職專班,臺南。未出版。
  3. 吳耀明、馮厚美(2007)。鄉土語言教學政策形成與實施現況訪談分析。屏東教育大學學報,26,37-72。
  4. 李忠屏、羅希哲(2010)。互動式電子白板教學成效與學生學習態度之研究-以網路資訊素養課程爲例。人文社會科學研究,3(4),153-173。
  5. 林欣怡(2012)。互動式電子白板教學對五年級學生的英語字彙學習成效影響之研究。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系碩士論文,臺北市。未出版。
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