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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 357 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王錦鈴(2007)。桃園縣國民中學導師人格特質對班級經營策略影響之研
  2. 方心怡(2011)。高雄市國中教師工作壓力、工作投入與組織承諾關係之
  3. 李慧鶯、李選(2002)。護理專業承諾與生涯發展之文獻探討。慈濟護理
  4. 吳淑淳(2010)。國中教師工作價值觀、角色壓力與工作投入關係之研究。
  5. 周淑敏(2011)。國中教師組織承諾、人格特質與教學效能之研究-工作
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 伍碧琦(2009)。病患與護理人員對病患自主權態度與經驗之比較。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2009。1-102。 
  2. 黃裕婷(2013)。某個案醫院2006~2011年計畫性與非計畫拔除氣管內管之加護病房病人醫療品質之探討。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-83。 
  3. 翁麗容(2016)。國小高年級學童人格特質、網路使用行為和身心健康關係之研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-95。
  4. 高雅萍(2016)。國小代理教師人格特質、職場友誼、組織公平與組織公民行為之關係研究。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-91。
  5. 陳儀芝(2017)。特教教師工作壓力、工作承諾、工作滿意與工作績效之研究。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-95。
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