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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 167 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱展謙、鄭益興、柯重焜(2006),「網際網路事業經營模式與策略之探討」,大漢學報,21,89 - 110。
  2. 吳政和(1996),「餐飲業連鎖經營之研究」,中國飲食基金會第一屆餐飲管理學術研討會論文集。
  3. 李信興、劉常勇(2008),「系統性商業模式之觀念架構」,創業管理研究,3(3),119-145。
  4. 林易璁、蔡進丁(2009),「商業模式對經營績效的影響-以臺灣上市非電子公司為例證」,臺灣銀行季刊,60(4),367-397。
  5. 洪世章、譚丹琪、廖曉青(2007),「企業成長、策略選擇與策略改變」,中山管理評論,15(1),11-15。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡伯維(2015)。群聚效應:教育城鄉差距的根源、變遷與軌跡。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-58。 
  2. 楊書瑋(2016)。金屬工藝產業微型創業成功關鍵因素_以 FAHP 之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-77。 
  3. 陳柏愷(Po-Kai Chen);牟鍾福(Jhong-Fu Mou);鄭志富(Chih-Fu Cheng);詹俊成(Chun-Che Chan)(2021)。邁向創新與卓越-澎湖國家風景區管理處經營模式的個案研究。臺灣體育運動管理學報。21(2)。259-282。 
  4. 張孫逸(2015)。創新商業模式—以東極國際公司藝能經紀營運計劃為例。臺灣大學臺大_復旦EMBA境外專班學位論文。2015。1-97。
  5. 李竣憲(2015)。網購平台之實虛整合經營模式探討-以7net為例。中央大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-66。
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