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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 伍淑惠、潘清連、古心蘭、曾喜育、王相華 (2007) 墾丁高位珊瑚礁森林木質藤本多樣性。中華林學季刊 40(1): 31-42。
  2. 林建融 (2009) 臺灣植群多樣性組成及分布之探討。國立臺灣大學生物資源暨農學院森林環境暨資源學系碩士論文,127頁。
  3. 林恭正 (2012) 臺東縣達仁林場藤本植物多樣性及形態之研究。國立屏東科技大學森林系碩士論文,125頁。
  4. 邱祈榮、梁玉琦、賴彥任、黃名媛 (2004) 臺灣地區氣候分區與應用之研究。臺灣地理資訊學刊 1: 41-62。
  5. 柯登耀 (2012) 臺東縣逹仁林場新建步道植群分析。國立屏東科技大學森林系碩士論文,97頁。
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