Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉聰桂,1995,臺灣西南海岸變遷(北港至二仁溪)臺灣西南海岸平原地下水地球化學研究及與大陸地方性砷中毒病區環境地球化學之對比研究,行政院國科會研究計畫報告。
  2. 賴文亮,2002,各種淨水程序對生物可分解有機質及消毒副產物之控制,博士論文,國立成功大學,環境工程研究所,臺南。
  3. 周明玄,2011,鴛鴦湖湖水溶解性有機碳之來源探討,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學,生態學與演化生物學研究所,臺北。
  4. Aiken, G.R, McKnight, Diane, M., Wershaw, Robert, L. and Patrick, M. 1985. Humic substances in soil, sediment, and water; geochemistry, isolation, and characterization. John Wiley & Sons; New York.
  5. Allard, B., Su, H. and Geimvall, A., 1991. Effects of acidification and natural organic materials on the mobility of arsenic in the environment. Water, Air, Soil and pollution, v57-58, pp.269-278.
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :