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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王松永與林振榮 (2001) 應用鑽孔抵抗技術評估臺灣杉造林木之早晚材境界密度。臺灣林業科學 16(3):197-200頁。
  2. 李久先 (2005) 疏伐示範區監測計畫。行政院農業委員會林務局委研究計畫系列93-03-5-01。
  3. 李隆恩 (2010) 疏伐對紅檜人工林單木及林分層級之影響-以臺灣中部疏伐示範區為例。國立中興大學森林學研究所碩士論文,86頁。
  4. 汪大雄 (2007) 疏伐作業對人工林組成、生長、結構和林地微環境之影響。林業研究專訊 14(1):8-9頁。
  5. 沙學均 (2010) MODIS衛星影像應用於臺灣地區森林健康監測。國立屏東科技大學森林系碩士論文,99頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴韻如(2017)。應用生長模式模擬溪頭地區不同齡級紅檜人工林單木之直徑生長。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2017。1-72。
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