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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田雲生,2011,「農業廢棄物之再生利用」,臺中區農業改良場100年專題討論專輯,第111期,第192-194頁。
  2. 行政院農業委員會,2012,農業統計要覽,行政院農業委員會,臺北,第22-26頁。
  3. 林大方,2013,生物炭材料與熱解溫度對其農藝性能的影響,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學,生物資源暨農學院森林環境暨資源學系,臺北。
  4. 林毓文,劉滄棽,王鍾和,2003,「有機資材氮礦化特性研究」,中華農業研究,52期,第178-190頁。
  5. 金絮之,2007,「墾丁國家公園銀合歡入侵之研究」,華岡農科學報,第20期,第41-52頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王重棋(2015)。施用生物炭及聚丙烯醯胺對土壤性質與沖蝕潛勢之影響。屏東科技大學水土保持系所學位論文。2015。1-69。 
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