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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靜琳、黃瓊玉、呂桂雲、何美瑤(2007)。護理人員工作壓力與社會支持之探討。榮總雜誌,24(1),59–68。
  2. 王淑蓉、董曉萍、陳美容、曾雯琦(2011)。傾聽心的聲音–運用輔導會談分析基層護理人員工作壓力。中華職業醫學雜誌,18(3),211–220。
  3. 李忠穎(2009)。建置機構是長期照護資訊系統–以某長期照護中心為例。長期照護雜誌,15(1),53–68。
  4. 李孟義、江蕙娟、胡月捐(2008)。長期照顧機構照護品質監測指標之變革。長期照護雜誌,12(1),32–42。
  5. 林富琴、邱啟潤(2004)。接受居家服務老人生活品質及相關因素探討。長期照護雜誌,8(1),56–78。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇郁如(2017)。臺北市議員在地方建設建議事項之分配行為研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-73。 
  2. 劉霈穎(2015)。苗栗縣高齡居家服務員服務經驗之探討。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-148。
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