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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王忠信(2005)。淺談客語教學。
    2. 王鴻彰(2003)。國小教師任教專長認同與學科教學態度之研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
    3. 吳天泰(1998)。由多元文化的觀點看原住民母語教學的推展。原住民教育季刊,10,49。
    4. 吳武雄(1981)。國中教師學校認同之調查研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。吳耀明、馮厚美(2007)。鄉土語言教學政策形成與實施現況訪談分析。屏東教育大學學報,26,37-72。
    5. 宋神財(1994)。台北縣立烏來國民小學泰雅母語教學施行情況報告(1990~1994)。人本教育札記,66,98-107。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃裕真(2010)。來唱七美的囡仔歌:幼稚園台語自編教材與教學研究。臺東大學進修部台灣語文教師碩(暑期)學位論文。2010。1-276。 
    2. 李嵐屏(2009)。高雄市國小學童原住民族語教學現況之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2009。1-116。 
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