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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 江金城(2002)。高職聽障學生在丙級「電腦軟體應用」學習情形之研究-以台北市啟聰學校資料處理科為例。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。身心障礙及資賦優異學生鑑定標準(2006)。身心障礙者權益保障法(2007)。身心障礙等級(2006)。
    2. 林宏熾(1999)。身心障礙者生涯規劃與轉銜教育。台北市:五南。 林宏熾及林巾凱(2003)。高中職階段身心障礙青年生涯自我概念之研究。特殊教育學報,17,63-94。 林宏熾及黃湘儀(2005)。高中職聽覺障礙學生一般轉銜技能發展現況之研究。台北市立教育大學學報,36(2),1-32。
    3. 林幸台(1990)。生計輔導的理論與實施。台北市:五南。
    4. 林幸台(2001)。身心障礙者生涯發展與轉銜服務。中等教育,5,26-37。
    5. 林幸台(2007)。身心障礙者生涯輔導與轉銜服務。台北市:心理。
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