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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻中文部份丁惠琪(1999)。合作學習應用在國小數學教學之探究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。于富雲(2001)。從理論基礎探究合作學習的教學效益。教育資料與研究,38,22-28。王天苗、邱上真、莊妙芬、鄭麗月、葉瓊華(1997)。特殊教育法修正草案評估報告。臺北市:立法院立法諮詢中心。
    2. 王欣宜(2005)。智障者缺乏社交技巧原因與訓練策略之探討。國教輔導,44(3),57-63。
    3. 王瑞(2002)。合作概念在教學層面的應用。國教新知,48(3),67-73。
    4. 石兆蓮(2002)。合作學習對兒童溝通表達能力影響之實驗研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    5. 吳佩珊(2006)。當我們同在一起:自閉症幼兒與一般同儕之互動。國立臺北教育大學幼兒教育學系碩士班,未出版,台北市。吳秉叡、易世為(2004)。身心障礙學生學習動機與教學策略之探討,19,25-31。吳冠穎、王天苗(2007)。他們是社會人嗎?-兩名啟智學校畢業青年的生活樣貌。特殊教育研究學刊,32(1),35-56。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張力元(2011)。合作學習介入自閉症學童健體課程之社會互動行為分析。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-139。 
    2. 楊惠舒(2011)。同儕指導策略對國小輕度智能障礙學童數學加減計算學習成效之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2011。1-133。 
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