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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 朱盈潔(2007):台北縣國民中小學資源班初任教師工作困擾與專業發展需求之研究。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。周台傑、吳訓生(1994):特殊教育評量工具需求之研究。特殊教育學報,9,77-109。
    2. 張春興(1991):現代心理學。台北:東華。
    3. 黃瑞琪(2008):特殊教育心理評量教師培訓需求研究-以臺北縣為例。國立臺灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    4. 劉雅億(2000)國民教育階段身心障礙學生鑑定及安置問題與改進意見之探討-以台北市、台北縣為例。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    5. 謝雅惠(2005):桃園縣特殊教育心理評量人員工作困擾及解決方式之探討。國立台北師範學院特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。 二、英文部份 McLoughlin, J. A., & Lewis, R. B. (2001). Assessing students with special needs (5th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall. Pierangelo, R., & Giuliani, G. A. (2002). Assessment in special education: A practical approach. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Reschly, D. J.(2000). The present and future status of school psychology in the United States. School Psychology Review, 29(4), 507-522.
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 余亭葶(2011)。臺東縣特殊教育心理評量教師鑑定工作現況與滿意度之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2011。1-128。 
    2. 羅美珠(2010)。特殊教育心理評量教師鑑定工作現況與工作滿意度之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2010。1-122。 
    3. 王照之(2018)。特殊教育心理評量教師鑑定工作困擾與可能解決方式之研究—以桃園市為例。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2018。1-149。
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