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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王成榮(2004)。工作與家庭衝突對社會支持需求之研究:以臺北市政府公務人員為例。東吳大學政治學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。王琡棻、張英鵬(2004)。臺北市、高雄市國小資優教育教師專業能力、工作壓力、因應策略與職業倦怠之相關研究。資優教育研究,4(2),105 - 132。
    2. 林麗娟(2006)。健保局員工工作壓力、領導型態、人格特質與工作績效關係之研究。國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
    3. 范熾文(2006)。國民中學組織結構與教師工作倦怠之研究。學校行政雙月刊,44,1-25。
    4. 張鬱芬(2001)。國小教師工作壓力、社會支持與身心健康之研究。國立嘉義大學國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。莊淑灣(2005)。中部地區國民小學主任工作壓力與因應方式之研究。國立台中師範學院進修暨推廣部國民教育學系學校行政碩士學位班碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
    5. 郭淑娟(2000)。家庭教育中心專職人員專業知能與工作倦怠之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
    Times Cited (26) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔡壽權(2014)。私立大學行政人員人格特質與工作壓力關係之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2014。1-120。 
    2. 黃靖惠(2013)。國小教師社會支持、工作倦怠與教學效能關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-272。 
    3. 楊川德(2011)。臺東縣國小教師人格特質、專業承諾與職涯滿足關係之研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-159。 
    4. 林靜芳(2011)。國小教師團隊發展歷程及未來發展方向之研究-快樂團隊愛戀進行式。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-153。 
    5. 蕭世豪(2011)。雲林縣國小兼任主任行政職務教師人格特質、工作壓力與工作績效之相關研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-136。 
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