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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳佳臻(2006)。國民中學特殊教育教師在職進修需求之研究。國立彰化師範大學特殊教育學系碩士學位論文,未出版,彰化縣。
    2. 巫鐘琳(2006)。幼稚園本位在職進修與幼教師專業成長之研究。國立嘉義大學幼兒教育研究所碩士學位論文,未出版,嘉義縣。
    3. 馬蕙慈(2003)。國民小學教師在職進修對教學效能關聯性之研究。元智大學管理研究所碩士學位論文,未出版,桃園縣。
    4. 陳靜婉(2001)。國民小學教師在職進修與專業成長知覺之研究-以彰化縣為例。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士學位論文,未出版,台北市。
    5. Barak, M., & Waks, S. (1997). An Israeli study of longitudinal in-service training of mathematics, science and technology teachers. Journal of Education for Teaching, 23(2), 179-190.
    Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李嫣鳳(2010)。彰化縣幼稚教育輔導團輔導現況之調查研究。臺東大學進修部暑期幼兒教育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-109。 
    2. 彭佳玲(Jia-Ling Peng);莊莉苓(Li-Lin Chuang);李珮琪(Pen-Chi Lee);張淑芳(Shu-Fang Chang)(2013)。降低胸腔Pig-tail引流管路滑脫率改善方案。榮總護理。30(1)。10-17。 
    3. 吳麗馨(2010)。幼托園所教師專業素養與教學效能關係之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-148。
    4. 吳麗馨(2010)。幼托園所教師專業素養與教學效能關係之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-148。
    5. 吳麗馨(2010)。幼托園所教師專業素養與教學效能關係之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-148。
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