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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. (24)李世滄.臨床常用中藥方劑手冊.中華民國藥師公會全國聯合會發行 147,1991。
    2. (32)黃雪莉,楊嘉蓁,郭家倫,周聖炘.辛基苯酚聚氧乙基醇類分解菌分離、鑑定與生長特性.台灣農業化學與食品科學42(5):356-365, 2004。
    3. (33)高怡婷。乳酸菌快速鑑定方法之研究。臺灣大學園藝學研究所2007。
    4. (34)黃雪莉、楊嘉葵、郭家倫、周聖圻。辛基苯酣聚氧乙基醇類分解菌之分離、鑑定與生長特性。臺灣農業化學與食品科學。42(5):356-365,2004。
    5. (37)張讚昌,張義宏.冬蟲夏草屬菌絲體液態培養條件之探討.馬偕護理專科學校學報3:29-47,2003。
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