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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方德隆(2001)。課程的理論與實務。高雄:麗文。
    2. 巫有鎰(1999)。影響國小學生學業成績的因果機制--以臺北市和臺東縣作比較。教育研究集刊,43,213-242
    3. 李麗花(2002)。高中僑生自我概念、生活適應與學業成就之相關研究。國立政治大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。 李坤榮(1990)。我國國小學生學習適應及其相關因素之研究。台南師院學報,23, 133-159。周玉慧、楊文山、莊義利(1998)。晚年生活壓力、社會支持與老人身心健康。人文及社會科學集刊,10(2),227-265。
    4. 邱馨儀(2002)。國民中學語文學習領域教師對實施九年一貫課程認知與態度之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
    5. 陳建州(2001)。原住民教育的省思。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 戴夢伶(2012)。新移民與本國籍子女在七年級數學學業 成就之比較研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-135。 
    2. 蔡慧真(2010)。數學學習表現性別差異之後設分析研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-94。 
    3. 游玄光(2009)。台東縣國民中小學學生學力檢測表現之研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2009。1-86。 
    4. 莊文連(2009)。宜蘭縣外籍配偶子女與原漢學童之國語文學力測驗成績差異之研究-以國小三年級為例。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-139。
    5. 傅柔橙(2009)。台北縣國民小學實施學生基本能力檢測教師工作壓力之研究。國立臺北教育大學課程與教學傳播科技研究所學位論文。2009。1-130。
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