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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2. 王姿晴(2007)。文化創意產業網站品質評估之研究。國立中央大學客家政治經濟研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園。
    2. 12. 林豐智(2003)。台灣之基金會運用網站行銷之研究。企業管理學報,57,97-128。
    3. 39. 歐陽崇榮、薛志峰、關中、童瓊慧(2006)。公共圖書館網站之評估。臺北市立圖書館館訊,23-3,55-80。
    4. 1. Abou, Z. S .(2006).A Data Model to Facilitate the Automation of Web Accessibility Evaluations. Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science , 157, 3-9.
    5. 2. Ahn, T., Ryu, S., & Han, I.(2007). The impact of Web quality and playfulness on user acceptance of online retailing. Information & Management , 44, 263-275.
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪雪菊(2009)。以ICDT模型探討國內休閒農場網站內容分析。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2009。1-113。 
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