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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 方德隆(2001)。學校本位課程發展的理論基礎。課程與教學季刊4(2),頁1-24。行政院教育改革審議委員會(1996)。教育改革總諮議報告書。臺北:師大書苑。
    2. 彭仁晃(2000)。國民小學實施學校本位教師進修現況及其成效研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
    3. 黃政傑(1999)。國教九年一貫課程的落實與展望。國民教育,40(1),頁11-15。
    4. 楊秋南(2003)。學校本位進修與教師專業發展:行動研究的嘗試和反省。 國立屏東師範學院國民教育研究所,未出版。屏東縣。甄曉蘭、簡良平(2001)。學校自主發展課程之相關因素分析。教育研究月刊,46,頁53-80。
    5. 蔡宗河(2000)。國民小學學校本位課程發展-以一所國小圖書館利用教育之個案研究為例。台北師範學院課程與教學所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。歐用生、楊慧文(1999)。國民教育綱要的內涵與特色。發表於教育部八十八學年度國中校長九年一貫課程研討會。教育部中等學校教師研習會,豐原。
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪正義(2011)。桃園縣國民小學校長課程領導與學校本位課程發展關係之研究-以學校特色認證為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-201。 
    2. 陳姿丹(2008)。複合式接枝型幾丁聚醣之合成與研究。臺灣大學藥學研究所學位論文。2008。1-238。 
    3. 孔榮彬(2009)。台灣與中國大陸中小學 教師分級制度發展之比較研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-228。
    4. 張峰森(2010)。國民小學教師參加在職進修課程與教師效能關係之研究。政治大學教育行政與政策研究所學位論文。2010。1-178。
    5. 徐秀婕(2010)。國中綜合活動領域教師增能研習課程發展之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-205。
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