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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻ㄧ、中文部分文軒(1996)。落實國民小學母語教學。師友,343,34-37。
    2. 石素錦(1999)。從認知心理與社會互動談兒童語言發展。載於戴維揚(主編),國民小學英語科教材教法(頁70-148)。
    3. 朱瑞玲(1986)。青少年心目中的父母教養方式。中央研究院民族學研究所專刊,617-654。
    4. 吳天泰(1996)。泰雅父母對子女教育的看法。原住民教育季刊,4:22-34。
    5. 吳天泰(1997)。由多元文化的觀點看原住民母語教學的發展。台灣大學:當前語文學習問題研討會會前論文集。吳淑美(1996)。當前國小母語教學教材編纂之探討。東師語文學刊,9,97-109。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 施瑋庭(2011)。台東縣國小五年級學生鄉土教學學習動機與學習態度之相關研究。臺東大學社會科教育學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-90。 
    2. 李雲月(2011)。客語能力認證考試政策與國小客語教育中語言位階之研究-以台北二都國小學生為個案。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-153。
    3. 李淑郁(2012)。國小學童客語學習動機與學習滿意度之研究--以基隆市國小高年級為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-173。
    4. 曾稚庭(2012)。國民小學客家語教學現況研究—以新竹縣博愛國小中高年級為例。清華大學臺灣研究教師在職進修碩士學位班學位論文。2012。1-153。
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