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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 一、中文部份王月美(2001)。國小校長課程領導之個案研究-九年一貫課程試辦國小為 例。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
    2. 何泰昇(2003)。校長課程領導之個案研究-以桃園縣一所國中為例。
    3. 吳清山(2000)。教育革新研究。台北市:師大書苑。吳清山、林天佑(2001)。教育名詞-課程領導。教育資料與研究,38- 47。
    4. 呂木琳(1998)。教學視導-理論與實務。台北:五南出版社。
    5. 邱柏翔(2001)。國民小學教師效能之研究-以桃園縣為例。國立台北師範 學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳文潔(2011)。屏東縣國民小學校長領導風格、教師工作價值觀及教學效能關係之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-132。 
    2. 李慶生(2010)。澎湖縣國民小學教師情緒智力、衝突管理策略與教學效能之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2010。1-191。 
    3. 郭亞婷(2014)。教師認知校長課程領導、參與專業學習社群與教學效能關係之探討--以臺北市國民小學為例。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系學位論文。2014。1-107。 
    4. 潘雲龍(2009)。新竹縣國民小學校長課程領導與教師教學效能之研究。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-172。 
    5. 劉芳萁(2009)。臺北市幼稚園教師的教學效能、創意教學行為及其相關因素之研究。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-114。
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