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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王明珂(民76)。華夏邊緣-歷史記憶與族群認同。台北:允晨。
    2. 王智鴻(民75)。我國五年制專科學校學生次級文化之調查研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
    3. 李美枝(民83)。社會心理學。台北市:大洋。
    4. 吳瓊洳(民86)。國中學生次級文化之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。吳鐵雄、歐敏惠(民86)。國小學生因應策略及其相關之研究。台南師院學報,30,1-30。
    5. 何英奇(民74)。我國大學生次文化及其相關因素之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 邱雯彥(2011)。火旁龍與炸寒單的社會文化意涵之比較研究。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-138。 
    2. 林佑城(2009)。寒單爺現況發展之研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2009。1-113。 
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