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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王錦銘(2005)。科學玩具遊戲教學對國小五年級學生科學素養之研究。碩士論文,國立台北師範學院,台北市。
    2. 邱美虹(2000)。概念改變研究的省思與啟示。科學教育學刊,8(1),1-34。
    3. 邱雪媚(2005)。以人本建構主義教學策略探究國小一年級學童「聲音」的概念學習。碩士論文,國立台北師範學院,臺北市。南一書局企業股份有限公司(2008)。國民小學自然與生活科技教師手冊五下(第六冊)。臺南市:作者。
    4. 張英琦(2007)。以多面向之概念改變架構融入5E探究式教學策略發展轉動與力矩單元探討國三學生概念改變之研究。碩士論文,國立彰化師範大學,彰化市。康軒文教事業股份有限公司(2008)。九年一貫國小自然與生活科技教師手冊第六冊(5下)。臺北市:作者。
    5. 許榮富(1992)。科學教育與認知科學。論文發表於中華民國第八屆科學教育學術研討會。高雄:國立高雄師範大學。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳學弘(2017)。非農藥資材防治甘藷基腐病之研究。臺灣大學植物醫學碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-83。 
    2. 楊麗翠(2012)。運用5E學習環融入國小低年級以『空氣』為主題之課程設計及教學成效評估。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2012。1-132。
    3. 周麗莉(2012)。運用5E學習環融入國小低年級以『光』為主題的課程設計及教學成效評估。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2012。1-122。
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