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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 參考文獻 rata mayaw (2005)。原住民族語教學支援人員。
    2. 李慧娟 (2004)。國小教師實施鄉土語言教學之個案研究-以客家語教學為例。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所論文,未出版。
    3. 張建成(2000)。台灣地區的鄉土教育。多元文化教育--我們的課題與別人的經驗。
    4. 張建成(主編)台北:師大書苑,63-102。
    5. 吳天泰(1998)。由多元文化的觀點看原住民母語教學的推展。原住民教育季刊,10,49-63 。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張筱瑋(2011)。布農族籍教師與學生共學族語方案之行動研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-180。 
    2. 蔡雅竹(2014)。論我國長期照護雙法草案及其法律問題—兼論德國之長照保險制度。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-236。 
    3. 林燕妃(2012)。都市原住民學童族語教學與族群認同之探討 --以桃園縣國小學童為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2012。1-235。
    4. 李俊昱(2012)。都市原住民族語教學之研究:以桃園縣國民小學為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2012。1-195。
    5. 葉俊廷(2014)。標竿高齡服務機構經營策略及實踐經驗之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-325。
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