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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王文秀、李沁芬、謝淑敏、彭一芳(譯)(2003)。P. Hawkins, ampampamp R.Shohet著。助人專業督導:個別、團體和組織取向(Supervision in the helping professions: An individual, group, and organizational approach)。台北市:學富。王文秀、施香如、沙大荒(譯)(2000)。E. L. ,Holloway著。臨床督導工作的理論與實務(Clinical supervision-A systems approach)。台北市:張老師文化。王郁茗、王慶福(2007)。大學生知覺其人際依附風格對愛情關係適應之影響。教育心理學報,38(4),397-415。
    2. 吳明隆(2007)。SPSS操作與應用變異數分析實務。台北市:五南。吳淑芳(2006)。國外量表之兩階段翻譯及信、效度測試。護理雜誌,53(1),65-71。
    3. 台北市:天馬。李昱德(2003)。國小學童依附關係傾向與人際行為之相關研究。國立台北教育大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。卓紋君、黃進南(2003)。諮商實習生接受個別督導經驗調查:以高雄師範大學輔導研究所為例。應用心理研究,18,179-206。
    4. 林佩儀(2005)。督導中的性別與文化議題。諮商與輔導,237,29-34。
    5. 邱皓政(2007)。量化研究與統計分析-SPSS中文視窗版資料分析範例解析。台北市:五南。邱獻輝(2006)。督導歷程的比較:區辨模式VS系統模式。諮商與輔導,251,12-17。
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