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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳俐錦(2006)。高雄市國民小學兼任組長教師工作壓力與因應策略之研究。國立臺東大學教育研究所,未出版,台東縣。
    2. 吳政融(2002)。大學體育教師工作壓力及因應方式之研究。國立臺灣師範大學體育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。 吳榮福 (2002)。台南縣國民小學總務主任工作壓力及其因應策之研究。國立台南師範學院學校行政研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
    3. 呂佩珊 (2006)。大台北地區國小教師工作壓力、休閒參與與身心健康之相關研究。私立華梵大學工業工程與經營資訊研究所,未出版,台北縣。
    4. 林月娜 (2004)。國小專任行政人員角色衝突、工作壓力與因應策略之研究。學校行政雙月刊,33,52-70。
    5. 張春興(1995)。普通心理學。台北市:東華。
    Times Cited (20) 〈TOP〉
    1. 高子雅(2011)。臺北市國民中學代理教師之角色知覺與工作壓力研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-191。 
    2. 黃靖惠(2013)。國小教師社會支持、工作倦怠與教學效能關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-272。 
    3. 呂文欽(2011)。桃園縣國民中學教師提前退休原因與退休生活適應之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-172。 
    4. 劉慧敏(2011)。桃園縣國小教師工作壓力、工作滿意度 與組織承諾關聯性之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-225。 
    5. 陳忠義(2011)。國小足球教練知覺工作壓力、工作態度與工作倦怠相關研究。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2011。1-124。 
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