Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李素馨(民86)。都市女性休閒類型和休閒阻礙。戶外遊憩研究,10(1),43-68。
    2. 宋幸蕙(民88)。臺灣地區國民中學教師對休閒教育課程期望之研究。國立臺灣師範大學公民訓育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
    3. 呂建政(民88)。休閒教育的課程內涵與實施。公民訓育學報,8,181-195。
    4. 林東泰(民81)。休閒覺知與工作滿足之研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系社會教育學刊,21,59-114。
    5. 林東泰(民82)。臺北都會地區青少年休閒認知與態度研究。國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系社會教育學刊,22,17-46。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃世強(2005)。1.含噻吩、芴基混成之星狀有機共軛材料 2.茚芴之共軛寡聚物的合成與性質研究。臺灣大學化學研究所學位論文。2005。1-113。 
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
    E-mail :
    When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
    E-mail :