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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳明清(2006)。讓專業成為教育改革動力。台灣教育,637,24-29。
    2. 何福田(1982)。我國台灣地區中小學教師進修制度之研究。台北市:正 昇。
    3. 沈姍姍(2000)。教師專業成長的誘因與動力-自制度面分析。學校行 政雙月刊,9,28-31。
    4. 林惠煌(2003)。台北縣國民小學校長領導與教師教學效能關係之研究。 國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    5. 邱柏翔(2001)。國民小學教師效能之研究-以桃園縣為例。國立台北 師範學院國民教育研所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳穎蓁(2010)。桃園縣國小社會學習領域教師專業成長與教學效能之相關研究。臺東大學進修部暑期社教碩士班學位論文。2010。1-135。 
    2. 劉怡君(2014)。國小教師對電腦化題庫系統使用滿意度與教學效能之研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-161。 
    3. 胡峰賓(2010)。新金融秩序下金融控股公司監理法制之再建構。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-429。
    4. 楊正德(2011)。臺北縣國小教師在職進修動機、教學準備度與教學效能關係之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-145。
    5. 林振造(2014)。貨幣政策調整之宣告對台灣類股報酬率之影響。中正大學財務金融學系學位論文。2014。1-85。
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