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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李宗薇(1998)。教科書的編輯機制。課程與教學季刊,1(1),頁41-56。
    2. 呂經偉(2003)。臺北縣市國民中學自然與生活科技領域教科書選用現況 調查之研究 。國立臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文,未出版, 臺北市。
    3. 林叔娥(2002)。顧客滿意度與忠誠度之關聯性研究-以某驗證公司為例。中原大學工業工程研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
    4. 洪孟珠(2003)。九年一貫社會學習領域教科書審查歷程之研究。國立臺北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
    5. 凌赫(2005)。教科書審定的憲法爭議探討。國立成功大學法律學研究所 碩士論文,未出版,臺南市。國民教育法(1999)。國立編譯館(1990)。中小學教科用書編輯制度研究。臺北市:正中。
    Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鄭婷尹(2012)。臺灣原住民族貧窮因素之研究。臺北大學社會學系學位論文。2012。1-47。
    2. 黃淑敬(2012)。臺北市高中職學生對全民國防教育教科書滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-106。
    3. 管曉真(2012)。桃園縣國中綜合活動學習領域教師教科書使用行為之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-188。
    4. 林乃謙(2013)。台灣原住民的經濟困境與政府政策的分析-里佳部落為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2013。1-153。
    5. 蘇怡如(2015)。原住民社經狀況之經濟分析三篇論文集。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2015。1-127。
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