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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王振德(1997)。國民中小學資源班經營參考手冊。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系編印。
    2. 吳佳臻(1995)。國民中學特殊教育教師在職進修需求之研究。國立彰化師範大 學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版,彰化市。
    3. 曾瓊瑩(2005)。身心障礙資源班教師藉資訊科技分享自編教材動機之研究。國立新竹師範學院特殊教育學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版,新竹市。黃碧ampampamp#63917;(2002)。國民小學身心障礙資源班實施現況之研究。國ampampamp#63991;台中師範學院國民教育研究所碩士ampampamp#63809;文,未出版,台中市。黃麗娟、王振德(2003)。身心障礙資源班實施指標之研究-以北區七縣市為例。特殊教育研究學刊,25,27-41。程鈺雄、楊繡文(1999)。資源班教學實務融合普通班教學理念-小菜鳥的補救教學個案筆記。台東特教簡訊,10,10-14。
    4. 參考書目一 、中文部分王振德(1987)。我國資源教室方案實施現況及其評鑑。台北:台北市立師範學院。
    5. 王振德(1998)。臺灣省國民中小學資源班實施現況與改進策略之研究。新竹師院特殊教育學報,2,44-77。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李怡珍(2014)。口腔癌術後病人口腔評估表之建立。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-80。 
    2. 潘杏宜(2016)。初任特殊教育教師導入輔導需求之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-187。
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