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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 巫有鎰(1999)。影響國小學生學業成績的因果機制-以台北市和台東縣做比較。教育研究集刊,43,213-242。
    2. 李介麟(2006)。弱勢家庭學生的假期失落現象,師友月刊,470,21-24。李丞傑、黃毅志(2008)。社經背景、學業成績、父母教育期望與學生教育抱負、職業抱負的關聯性之研究:以台東地區國二生對威斯康辛模型做驗證,未出版。
    3. 林大森(2002)。高中/高職的公立/私立分流對地位取得之影響。教育與心理研究。25,35-62。林大森、陳憶芬(2006)。台灣高中生參加補習之效益分析。教育研究集刊,52(4),35-70。
    4. 林慧敏(2008)。原漢族群、補習教育與學業成績關連之研究,國立台東大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台東縣。
    5. 孫國華(1993)。高雄縣市國民中小學學生之課外補習實況與成因之調查研究。教育資料文摘,180,134-153。孫清山、黃毅志(1996)。補習教育、文化資本與教育取得。台灣社會學刊,19,95-139。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳靜青(2011)。學前幼兒家長之教育期望—以幼兒數學才藝為例。臺東大學進修部暑期幼兒教育碩士班學位論文。2011。1-86。 
    2. 陳玉潔(2011)。自我效能團體工作方案運用 在機構安置少女提升自我效能之成效評估 --以天主教善牧基金會附設台東縣私立德蕾之家為例。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-134。 
    3. 莊淑惠(2012)。第一代與非第一代大學生個人因素、校園經驗與學習成果模式研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2012。1-157。
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