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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 中文部份丁志權(2004)。弱勢學生教育經費編列的現況與展望。台灣教育,626,2-9。
    2. 吳清山、林天祐 (2003)。教育小辭書,108-109。
    3. 吳清山、賴協志(2007)。台灣初等教育改革的省思︰1994-2007。
    4. 溫明麗(2006)。1988以降英國教育改革對台灣教育的啟示。教育研究月刊,148,5-16。
    5. 王世英、張鈿富、葉兆祺、謝雅惠、吳美清、張雲龍(2007)。主要國家教育發展資料蒐集與分析。國立教育資料館專案研究報告(F0042112)。台北市︰國立教育資料館。王如哲(2001)。比較教育。台北市︰五南。王家通(2003)。比較教育研究。高雄市︰麗文。中華民國教育部部史全球資訊網(2009)。教育大事年表。2009年3月20日,取自 方德隆(2003)。英國教育制度。載於各國教育制度(初版)(頁317-318)。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何岳倫(2011)。臺灣地區國小家長對學校負向意見之調查研究。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2011。1-109。 
    2. 毛梅春(2016)。時尚性感服飾裸露程度影響分析 暨設計模式與創作驗證之研究。樹德科技大學生活產品設計系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-236。
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