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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蔣玉嬋(2006)。地方文化館與地方文化產業之研究:以新竹市玻璃工藝 博物館為例。博物館學季刊 20(3)。
    2. 林振春(1999)。台灣社區教育發展之研究。師大書苑。
    3. 龍冠海(1966)。社會學。台北:三民書局。 碩博士論文孔牧學(1995)。 台灣文化產業特性與產業關聯之研究。國立成功大學碩士論文。
    4. 朱益生(2002) 社區總體營造的美麗與哀愁。南華大學社會學研究所。
    5. 許先媜(2007)。台東縣關山鎮地方發展特色。國立師範大學碩士論文。莊麗香(2006)。六堆客家文化創意產業行銷策略及成效之研究。 國立師範大學碩士論文。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丁鋐鎰(2000)。國中氧化還原概念之精熟學習研究。臺灣師範大學化學系學位論文。2000。1-209。
    2. 何慎筑(2010)。創意社區網絡中主要行動者角色之研究。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2010。1-114。
    3. 張素惠(2011)。客家花布的符號消費與族群認同。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-153。
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