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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 一、中文部分中華民國柔道協會(2005)。2005亞洲青年柔道錦標賽秩序冊。台ampampamp#63843;市:中華民國柔道協會。王文科、王智弘(2007)。教育研究法(增訂11版)。台北市:五南。王明如(2007)。大專排球特優級選手之家長式領導、團隊凝聚力與團隊滿意度相關研究。未出版碩士論文,輔仁大學,台北縣。王俊明(2007)。大專運動會偏好與知覺教練領導行為差距及代理效能對教練領導效能的影響,台灣運動心理學報,11,1-16。
    2. 王俊明、陳其昌(2006)。大專院校教練效能及領導行為對運動員運動動機及運動態度的影響,台灣運動心理學報,9,1-18。
    3. 王潔玲 (2002)。教練與選手目標取向適配性對大專女子籃球選手團隊適應與團隊滿意度的影響。未出版碩士論文,國立體育學院,桃園縣。江界山、藍坤田(2007)。提升我國運科專業素質與功能以「日本運動科學中心」為例。國民體育季刊,35(2),18-26。
    4. 吳慧卿(1998)。運動教練領導行為、團隊衝突與選手滿意度之影響初探。臺灣師大體育研究,6,1-18。
    5. 吳慧卿(2007)。運動團隊衝突之研究。臺灣體育運動管理學報,5,25-44。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林炳勳(2010)。大專游泳選手知覺運動團隊價值觀與運動涉入對運動表現之相關研究。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-120。 
    2. 謝佳妙(2010)。國小排球選手知覺教練家長式領導、學校適應對選手滿意度之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-147。 
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