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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王智弘(2008)。網ampampamp#63799;成癮的成因分析與輔導策ampampamp#63862;。輔導季刊,44(1),1-12。
    2. 戴秀津(2003)。高中職學生網ampampamp#63799;成癮之相關因素及其身心健康影響探討。高雄醫學大學護ampampamp#63972;學研究所碩士ampampamp#63809;文,未出版,高雄。
    3. Suler, J. (1999). To Get What You Need:Healthy and Pathological Internet Use. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 2, 385-394
    4. Suler, J. (2004). Computer and cyberspace addiction. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 1, 359-362
    5. Young, K. S., Pistner, M., O`Mara, J. , ampampampJennifer, B. (2000). Cyber-Disorders: The Mental Health Concern for the New Millennium. CyberPsychology ampampamp Behavior, 3(5), 475-479
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 賴梅芳(2013)。高職學生網路成癮影響因素之探討-以台中地區高職餐旅群學生為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2013。1-107。
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